Volume 2, Number 1 (Vol.2,No.1,Spring & Summer 2016)                   JWSTI 2016, 2(1): 57-68 | Back to browse issues page


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Behjat A, Shamanian M, Atapour M, Ahl Sarmadi M. Effect of Heat Input on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties in Friction Stir Welding of HSLA-60 . JWSTI. 2016; 2 (1) :57-68
URL: http://jwsti.iut.ac.ir/article-1-76-en.html

Abstract:   (716 Views)

High-strength low alloy steels are a class of steels used in applications that require high strength and good weldability, including ship hulls, gas pipelines and oil industry. One way to build parts is fusion welding that create areas with a large grain size in the heat-affected zone and increased susceptibility to hydrogen cracking. One way to solve this problem is to use solid state friction stir welding process. In this study, microstructural evaluation and mechanical properties of friction stir welding X-60 cross sections examined by optical microscope and by tensile and micro-hardness tests. The results indicate that changing welding parameters and thereby, change the heat input during friction stir welding have a great impact on maximum temperature and cooling rate that cause creating ferrite and bainitic ferrite in the weld zone. This change in microstructure of weld zone cause to improve mechanical properties that increase yield strength from 380 MPa to 420 MPa .Also, the friction stir process cause increasing hardness of 220 Vickers to an average of 280 Vickers and uniform distribution of hardness in the cross-section of friction stir joints.

     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

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