Volume 5, Issue 2 ((Journal OF Welding Science and Technology) 2020)                   2020, 5(2): 135-146 | Back to browse issues page

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Asadi S, Saeid T, Valanezhad A, Khalil Allafi J. Dissimilar laser welding of NiTi shape memory alloy to austenitic stainless steel archwires. Journal of Welding Science and Technology of Iran 2020; 5 (2) :135-146
URL: http://jwsti.iut.ac.ir/article-1-282-en.html
Abstract:   (4142 Views)
In this research, dissimilar welding of NiTi shape memory alloy to AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel Archwires was investigated. For this purpose, common straight orthodontic archwire with rectangular cross-section and dimensions of (0.635 × 0.432 mm) were selected and the laser welding technique was used to connect the wires. The microstructure, chemical composition and phasesin the weld zone of the joints werestudied with Optical microscopy (OM), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with EDS analysis system, focused X-ray diffraction (Micro-XRD).Also, the mechanical properties of the weld zone were investigated by using Vickers microhardness test. Microstructure investigation showed that the obtained microstructure from the laser weld of these alloys has a dendritic and non-homogeneous structure. According to XRD analysis, brittle intermetallic compounds such as Fe2Ti, Cr2Ti, TiNi3, and Ti2Ni wereformed during laser welding in the weld zone. Formation of these brittle intermetallics caused increasing the hardness of the weld zoneabout 800 HV. and decreasing the mechanical properties. Also, Fe2Ti intermetallic particles mainly formed in the weld region near the NiTi fusion zone which results in stress concentration, micro-cracks formation and dropping joints mechanical properties. Therefore, a suitable modification process is required to control the chemical composition of the weld zone and improving the joint properties of dissimilar laser welded archwires of these alloys.
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