Volume 4, Issue 2 (Journal OF Welding Science and Technology of Iran 2019)                   JWSTI 2019, 4(2): 59-70 | Back to browse issues page

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Hajitabar A, Naffakh-Moosavy H. Investigation of the influence of electron beam welding current change on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Nb-1Zr advanced alloy. JWSTI 2019; 4 (2) :59-70
URL: http://jwsti.iut.ac.ir/article-1-226-en.html
Abstract:   (5752 Views)
The effect of electron beam welding current changes on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the Nb-based alloy has been investigated. The electron beam welding was applied with 4 different currents of 20, 24, 30 and 35 mA on 3mm thick plates. The aspects including different welding regions, geometry and depth of welding penetration, as well as the effect of heat input on the weldability are investigated. The mechanical properties including tensile and microhardness values of the weld was also measured. The results show that in a sample with a 30 mA welding current, the optimum conditions for the depth of penetration, weldability and the geometry of the weld are obtained. The welds showed a cellular structure, and intercellular dendrites in the central region of the weld have been caused due to microsegregations created between the cells. In HAZ, severe recrystallization and grain growth has occurred. Because of the high thermal conductivity of niobium, the HAZ size is relatively large. Based on the 3D Rosenthal’s equation, the recrystallization temperature of alloy was calculated as 713 °C. It is observed that as G × R increases, the grain size in the central line of the weld decreases. The hardness profile shows that the hardness of the weld zone and the HAZ is significantly less than that of the base metal due to elimination of work hardening effect. The tensile strength of the weld for a sample with a current of 30 mA was 281MPa, which is 53% of the tensile strength of the base metal and the weld was broken from the HAZ.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

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