Volume 9, Issue 1 (Journal OF Welding Science and Technology 2023)                   JWSTI 2023, 9(1): 67-82 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Faculty of Materials Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran.
2- Faculty of Materials Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran. , saeid@sut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1284 Views)
The purpose of this research is to investigate the change of rotational speed and traverse speed on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the joint in friction stir welding of aluminum 1050 and 316L stainless steel. For this purpose, the microstructure, thickness of intermetallic compounds, hardness and tensile test on the joint were investigated. The proper selection of welding parameters leads to the creation of a joint with suitable metallurgical and mechanical properties. In this research, two rotational speeds of 560 and 900 rpm and four traverse speeds of 60, 80, 100 and 125 mm/min were performed. The microstructure consisted of four areas of the base metal, heat affected zone, thermo-mechanical affected zone and stir zone. In all the samples, the stir zone (SZ) contained a recrystallization microstructure with fine equiaxed grains. According to the Energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy results, an IMC layer formed in the joint interface. The hardness of the stir zone in all samples was higher than the aluminum base metal due to the formation of recrystallization fine equiaxed grains and the presence of steel particles. The best sample in terms of mechanical properties, mocrostructure and joint quality was obtained in the conditions of rotation speed of 900 rpm and advance speed of 125 mm/min. The strength was equal to 84 MPa with 77% efficiency.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special

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